Steps to Migrate Magento 1.9.x to 2.3.x without Affecting Anything
Magento 2, which is the modified version of the E-commerce Platform- Magento, it now has a novel architecture, database design and coding structure. The technological team of Magento (which now is Adobe family’s part) has announced officially that version 1’s support will expire in June of 2020. Considering statistics, over seventy percent of the websites shifted to Magento 2 from Magento 1 in the last 3 years.
If there is any company that is still operating Magento 1, after being updated to Magento 126.96.36.199 which is the latest version , then surely there’ll be a massive distinction in that website and the present Magento stores be it design or functionality. Thus, migrating from Magento 1.9.x to 2.3.x as quickly as possible before they are left behind their fellow competitors.
Reasons to Migrate from 1.9.x to Magento 2.3.x
Magento 1.9.x has bad functionality and low quality design.
Magento 1 a long time ago . As a result, the default theme of Magento 1.9.x and mostly all themes such as Black and White Theme of outdated versions have an unattractive and outdated style. If you still stick to the out-of-date version which is Magento 1, chances are high that you’ll and probably you are losing potential customers.
Magento 2.3.x has a fully receptive and modern design
If we compare to the old version – Magento 1.9.x, then, Magento 2.3 website design is far more eye-catching, trendy, and most importantly, it’s way too friendly for mobile devices as well as users. A wide variety of attractive themes of Magento 2.3 can easily be found for your accessories and cloth stores, you can even utilize Black and White Theme novel version 2.2 for the latest version of Magento.
Magento 2.3.x has a powerful performance
Magento moved a step ahead when it released Magento 2.3. When compared to Magento 1.9.x, the new version- Magento 2.3 is way faster (well matched with HTML 5 and PHP 7 ), it even processes a much easier checkout. However, generally every version of Magento 2 is outstanding, yet Magento 2.3.x is suggested over Magento 2.2.x, specifically Magento 2.3.2 was launched on 25 June, 2019. There are many attractive features in the novel version like Page builder, multiple inventory, PWA studio , and the list goes on.
The admin panel is more user-friendly and instinctive in Magento 2.3.x.
The most essential reason for Magento users to shift from Magento 1.9.x to Magento 2.3.x is the amazing backend interface of Magento 2’s. It can be used very easily even if you lack good technical knowledge. However, the admin panel of Magento 1 appears really confusing for someone who’s not well acquainted with technology.
Magento will not longer provide support to Magento 1
You are already acquainted with the fact that Magento has announced that it will not provide any support to Magento 1, which will be effective from June 2020. Do you still anticipate anything from a platform that’s so borong and absolutely no support is provided from their founders? Every mentioned fact states that it’s pointless sticking with the old Magento 1.x.x versions.
Steps to be followed before moving from Magento 1.x.x
A complete backup of the Magento 1 store is to be made which should include every database, folder and file.
A copy of the Magento 1 is to be made. Be careful to not make use of the live store for the process of Magento migration.
Inspect your store carefully. Whatever you think is important, keep that and then remove the rest.
You’ll have to check if your present theme extension plus the custom code are reconcilable to Magento 2 or not.
Move data from your magenta 1 stores’s cloned database.
Delete every useless and outdated data from your database. Which includes every shortly viewed products , products that are compared and so on.
So as to make the migration process of Magento free from inconvenience , install Magento 2’s new copy on the exact similar hosting server at a place where the store of Magento 1 is situated.
Step by step directions on Migration from Magento 1.9.x To 2.3.x
The database will have to be migrated (such as the categories, customer information, products, orders, and so on) from the old store of Magento 1.9.x to the novel store.
Firstly, what you’ll have to do during this process of migration is to move the data and settings from Magento 1 Magento 2. To make this migration process easier, Magento 2 Data Migration Tool has been officially released by Magento which would prove to be of great help to developers in migrating their settings and data by making use of CLI commands.
This tool makes the process of Magento migration free from inconvenience and also assists in the migration of crucial data (like categories, products, orders, setting and store configurations and so on) to Magento 2. This particular Data Migration Tool helps in migrating the whole data from Magento 1’s database to Magento 2’s database which is based on some set rules that are defined in XML files.
For now, the Data Migration Tool migrates only settings and data. However, themes, extensions, and code customizations can’t be automatically migrated from Magento 1 store to Magento 2 store. Help of your extension/theme provider will be required if they possess an exporting option for Magento 2 .
Modern technologies and methodologies are present in Magento 2 so as to produce intensified shop and purchasing experience to customers as well as dealers. Developers can be benefitted by novel methods of making amazing Magento 2 themes or modifying the present ones so that they become compatible with patterns of Magento 2.
However, it should be kept in mind that direct transfer of the theme of Magento 1 to Magento 2 cannot be done. Because the Magento 1’s Black and White Theme isn’t suitable with Magento 2, it is not easy to “move” the current template to a novel site. We’ll have to combine with the site of yours a novel Black and White Theme for Magento 2.
Extensions are an essential element which gives a new character and improves the functionality of Magento store. The following step in this migration process is to install the desired extensions of Magento 2 present on Magento Marketplace. It should be noted that extensions of Magento 1 will not perform well on Magento 2. Adaptability problems would arise if you tried to combine the extension of Magento 1 to Magento2. Only suitable extensions present and needed for the Magento 2 stores should be installed . The Magento community, developers and even development agencies are trying to find a way to port the extension of Magento 1 to Magento 2.
Migrate Custom functions
In several instances , the custom code which is used by Magento 1 store worked with Magento 2. A Code Migration Tool-kit is provided by Magento that’ll assist you in the migration process. You should keep this in mind that because of structural distinctions in both the platforms, this migration might require extra work so as to make sure that custom code properly combines with the Magento 2 store.
This is the next step which involves reconfiguration of language (like English & Arabic), shipping , currency, taxes, CMS pages, email templates on the website of Magento 2.
Steps to solutions of issues of migration of Magento 2
Migrate only important database assets
If you’ll choose only crucial database assets for migration, then the risk of misplacing those during the migration process of Magento 2 will reduce. It provides you with a golden opportunity to “cleanse ” Magento 1 website thereby increasing its performance.
The following options given in relation to website design can be considered
As already mentioned earlier, it’s impossible to continue using the theme of Magento 1 after you migrate to Magento 1.9.x to 2.3.x. However, you can-
After you clone the present design so as to build for Magento 2 a similar one.
To find for your new store an already made theme. (even customization if needed)
Making from scratch a distinct one for Magento 2.
Find for Magento 2 similar extensions
For migrating from Magento 1.9.x to 2.3.x, all current modules of yours will have to be replaced with the new modules for Magento 2. Few extensions require migration of their data to the new Magento 2 like blog, reward point. Therefore, we’ll have to search for replacements by the similar module provider, that will make the migration of extension data simpler.
Make same custom functions for Magento 2
If you have to keep the custom function the same on the novel site, you should develop it again in the environment of Magento 2.3. One thing is also possible, which is finding an extension for Magento 2 which will give you the same features. Several times the merchants aren’t able to look for a proper module (which means with the functions they require ) for Magento 1 however it’s possible after the process of migration.
Requirements of Hardware and Software
On outdated software Magento 2 will operate badly, plus it’ll not work on PHP 5.
PHP: 7.0.13+ or 7.1.x
MySQL: 5.6, 5.7 or MariaDB 10.0,10.1,10.2 or Percona 5.7
Required PHP extensions are: bc-math, curl, ctype, dom, gd,mbstring, intl, mcrypt,OpenSSL, hash, PDO/MySQL,soap, SimpleXML, spl,xsl, libxml, JSON, zip, iconv
minimum 2G of RAM
24GB+ SSD (which is Solid State Drive)
Magento2 will not operate with RAM less than 2G, and SSD technology which will make it run faster.
I recommend owners of shops to collaborate with Magento Development Company for your project. Outsourced Software Development Projects would be perfect for shop owners.
Common problems faced:
Fields aren’t mapped/ source documents : This problem arises because of few Magento 1 Entities (in many cases from extensions) that don’t exist in the database of Magento 2 . Corresponding extensions of Magento 2 are to be installed from the Marketplace of Magento or compute the tool to pass over the data which is problematic.
Class don’t exist, however labeled as an error: A class from the code base of Magento 1 can’t be searched in the code base of Magento 2 during the step of EAV migration .In many cases ,the class which can’t be found might be lengthy for extension . You’ll have to install the extension of Magento 2 or you can pass over the trait by which the issue occurred.
Failure of Foreign key constraint : The record of the missing database is present in the parent table which is pointing to the field id of the child’s table. Remove the records in the child’s table ,that is the root cause of the issue. You can also incapacitate the step of Data Integrity by upgrading the config.xml of the data migration tool.
Duplicates’ presence in URL rewrites : In a URL rewrite the Target Path should be mentioned by a unique Store ID + Request Path. The auto resolve URL rewrite duplicates option should be enabled in config.xml file.
Home page isn’t appearing correctly : If your home page doesn’t appear correctly ,then it might have happened because of the presence of a custom layout for your homepage in Magento 1.9.x version. Now , a custom layout is to be created in Magento 2.3.x.
When products don’t appear in the category: You’ll have tk reindex every indexers by performing the mentioned command, bin/magento indexer:reindex
When your CSS JS file is not loading :Remove your cache for this, then place static content. If any errors are there, go to the Troubleshooting page of Magento . Do a test after migration so as to make sure that Magento 2.x is functioning well.
At the end
It’s not easy to migrate from Magento 1.9.x to 2.3.x because so many manual tasks are involved. It is necessary to migrate from 1.x version to 2.x for eCommerce people. It assists their eCommerce website to hold a huge variety of functionalities and provides a faster time to give response to the users. Take help from experienced magento developers to accomplish the task successfully.